Tips & Advice
How do you perform an irrigation system performance check?
To implement an irrigation-system performance check, audit all parts of the irrigation system. Pay special attention to aspects that can cause irrigation problems, such as sprinkler spacing, nozzle pressure, or tilted sprinkler heads. Set up catch devices at various points to measure the amount of water being distributed. It's best to conduct the audit during normal operating conditions.
What type of irrigation system is the most efficient?
The most efficient system for watering plants is drip irrigation. This system delivers water slowly and frugally, and it uses a fraction of the water consumed by alternatives such as overhead spray devices. Drip irrigation is a good choice for clay soils, since the system's slow delivery gives this soil type enough time to fully absorb the water.
What is a drip irrigation system?
With a drip-irrigation system, water is delivered directly to the roots of the plants using a network of pipes and tubing valves. Drip irrigation minimizes evaporation and water runoff, and it provides a slow but steady supply of water to plants. The tubing used in this type of irrigation system is quite versatile, and it can easily be adjusted to fit the shape of irregular patches of land.
What are the different types of irrigation systems?
There are many different types of irrigation systems, and they vary based on how the water is distributed to the land. With surface irrigation, there is no mechanical pump used; instead, water is distributed solely with the help of gravity. Other types include drip irrigation, localized irrigation, sprinkler irrigation, and manual irrigation.
When is the best time of day to water a lawn?
The best time of day to water a lawn is early morning or evenings - the cooler times of the day. Steer clear of watering during peak warmth and sun activity; not only can it be potentially damaging to plants, but more water is lost from evaporation, reducing efficiency.
Will a sprinkler system use less water than manual watering?
Provided the pressure and flow are identical, and the length of time watering is equal, there should be no difference in in the amount of water delivered between manual or timed sprinkler systems. It’s all about pressure and flow that determines delivery amount.
How frequently should a lawn be watered?
In the warmer months you want to water three to five times a week. In cooler months, two to three times a week should be plenty. The goal is to get ¾ of an inch to 1 inch of water delivered each time. A good rule of thumb is a little more in summer, a little less in winter. If you live in a rainy area, you might not need to manually water at all in the winter.
A check valve is a valve that only allows flow in one direction, while preventing flow in the opposite direction.
How long should sprinklers be operated, per day?
The first variable to determining how long to run your sprinklers is seasonal; the second is sprinkler output. In warmer months, or peak growing season, water for approximately 20-30 minutes a day, every three to five days. Ideally your grass wants 3/4 of an inch to 1 inch of water. In the cooler, slower growing seasons, 10-15 minutes, two to three times per week. If you use automatic sprinklers, be sure to adjust them seasonally.
How much does it cost to change a sprinkler valve?
Depending on where you live, it can cost anywhere from $50-$200, possibly more, to replace a standard sprinkler valve. Actual replacement materials, assuming there are no pipe issues, are relatively small. You can pick up a valve for as little as $15. It is the labor cost that can get you. Sprinkler valve replacement is a completely doable DIY project.