Tips & Advice
How much does it cost to maintain a pond?
The cost of maintaining a pond is around $2,000 a year in four-season climates that get snow. Individual pond cleanings (usually performed in spring) cost $400-$900.
How much does it cost to install a new pond?
The typical range is $4,000-$7,000 to install a new pond of medium size. Large ponds with a poured-concrete base, lighting, and water features can cost twice the median price--$10,000-$15,000. Small ponds and DIY-built ponds typically cost $3,000-$3,500.
What is the best place to install a new pond?
The best place to install a new pond is one that has stable soil (not sand) that can be dug to a depth of 18-36 inches (cold climates require greater depth). It should be relatively close to a water hookup or within easy reach of a hose, and also near to a GFCI electrical source. It should be located in a site that gets sunlight for five to six hours daily across the majority of the surface area--but not excessive daily sunlight.
Pond aeration is the practice of circulating water in the pond so that more of the water is exposed to oxygen, and is also able to release carbon dioxide. Aeration is typically necessary for ponds when the water temperature is warm or hot.
The skimmer is a mechanical filter that removes debris from the pond.
How do you find a leak in a pond?
To find a leak in a pond, fill to normal water level, mark the water level, and turn off the pump. Then leave it alone for 12-24 hours and check the level again. If the water level has dropped, the leak is in the main basin of the pond--most likely there is an issue with the pond liner. Move any living creatures to a temporary basin, and continue to take regular readings. When the water levels stop getting lower, you’ve found the depth where the leak is, and need to carefully examine the liner around its circumference till you find the issue. The easiest and most likely problem is that the liner has been moved out of place.
If the water level doesn’t recede with the pump turned off, then you have an issue with the plumbing.
Note: If you have a waterfall with either a PVC check valve or a waterfall filter box that receives underground plumbing directly into it, start by inspecting the check valve and the pump.
How do you maintain a residential pond?
The key to maintaining a healthy residential pond is controlling the nutrients in it, as those will dictate the algae levels. Every new element introduced into a pond changes its environment--more fish will usually create more algae (due to the waste they produce), while rooted aquatic plants often reduce algae.
Monitoring water level and temperature is important, since a change in temperature means a change in care. Regular aeration with warm and hot water is crucial to reduce algae.In cold temperatures, it’s most important to control the ice on the surface and make sure that, even if it ices over completely, there’s an air hole to allow some oxygen to get into the water below the ice.