Tips & Advice
How do you perform an irrigation system performance check?
To implement an irrigation-system performance check, audit all parts of the irrigation system. Pay special attention to aspects that can cause irrigation problems, such as sprinkler spacing, nozzle pressure, or tilted sprinkler heads. Set up catch devices at various points to measure the amount of water being distributed. It's best to conduct the audit during normal operating conditions.
What type of irrigation system is the most efficient?
The most efficient system for watering plants is drip irrigation. This system delivers water slowly and frugally, and it uses a fraction of the water consumed by alternatives such as overhead spray devices. Drip irrigation is a good choice for clay soils, since the system's slow delivery gives this soil type enough time to fully absorb the water.
What is a drip irrigation system?
With a drip-irrigation system, water is delivered directly to the roots of the plants using a network of pipes and tubing valves. Drip irrigation minimizes evaporation and water runoff, and it provides a slow but steady supply of water to plants. The tubing used in this type of irrigation system is quite versatile, and it can easily be adjusted to fit the shape of irregular patches of land.
What are the different types of irrigation systems?
There are many different types of irrigation systems, and they vary based on how the water is distributed to the land. With surface irrigation, there is no mechanical pump used; instead, water is distributed solely with the help of gravity. Other types include drip irrigation, localized irrigation, sprinkler irrigation, and manual irrigation.
What is the difference between a hot tub and a spa?
There are no technical differences between a spa and a hot tub. Both spas and hot tubs are tubs with built-in jets used for relaxation, therapy, and entertaining. The terms are basically interchangeable. The two types of spas or hot tubs are portable, and custom-built or in-ground. Traditionally, in-ground or custom-built are more often referred to as spas. There are no real functional differences--spa just sounds more sophisticated.
There are several different types of hot tub jets to choose from, and each is unique in design and function:
Most jets are adjustable by turning the nozzle extension to increase or decrease flow.
- Rotational jets move the water in circles.
- Directional jets move the water in a specific direction, which you can aim or adjust yourself.
- Pulsating jets have two holes in the center, so when water pressure is applied, the center spins, creating a water stream that alternates between the two holes, resulting in a pulse-like performance.
- Multi-massage jets have several smaller holes that create individual water streams when water pressure is applied.
- Ozone or cluster jets have a single center section that water flows through, and are usually not adjustable.
How much does it cost to operate a hot tub?
Operating costs hot tubs depend on your local utility rates, but the national average is about $0.40 per heating hour. Weather, location of the hot tub (indoors vs. outdoors), condition of the tub, the fit of the lid, and frequency of use, are all factors that can add to the bill. So, keep your tub maintained accordingly to keep the costs down, and lower the temperature when you will not be using it for extended periods of time, like going on vacation.
How do you keep a hot tub clean?
To keep a hot tub clean, you first need to have the appropriate chemicals and in the correct balance. Check the pH levels at least once a week and add or adjust chemicals accordingly. Check filters monthly and clean or replace them as necessary. Periodically drain your hot tub and clean the surface with a non-abrasive cleanser to remove any surface grime. You can add a “jet clean” chemical to your tub to help clean out the jets prior to draining. Be sure to thoroughly rinse and wipe the tub before refilling to eliminate any chemical or soap residue. For the cover, wipe the vinyl down with a gentle soap solution and clean the underside with a hose, but do not use chemicals on the underside as they may contaminate the water. These processes should keep your tub and water in excellent condition.
What is the advantage of using bromine instead of chlorine in a hot tub?
The advantage of using bromine instead of chlorine in your tub is that bromine is more effective in killing viruses, germs, and bacteria, ,and does it for a longer period of time than chlorine. Bromine has a lower pH level than chlorine, resulting in fewer chemical imbalances in your tub. It is also considered gentler on your skin than chlorine. But it is more expensive and can be harder than chlorine to wash off skin.
What does “shocking” a hot tub' mean?
Shocking your hot tub means dosing it with a supply of either chlorine or non-chlorine (bromine) solution. The solution creates an oxidation process that breaks down the organic wastes, such as human skin cells and body oils that can cause cloudy water and unpleasant odors.