Tips & Advice
What is the size of a standard pallet?
A standard pallet is 48 x 40, with each deck board approximately 3 and a half inches wide and 5/16 inches thick. They run about 6 ½ inches tall, but that can vary between 5 and 7 inches.
How high can a pallet be stacked?
There are two limitations for pallet stacking, stacking empty pallets and stacking a load on a single pallet. According to OSHA (Occupational Safety and Health Administration), when stacking empty pallets for storage or transportation, the stack should not exceed 15 feet in height, which will be about 20 to 25 pallets (each pallet is between 5- and 7-inches tall). When loading a pallet with goods, the load should not exceed 60 inches in height for shipping. In warehouses, 72 inches is the maximum height. In accordance with OSHA standards, pallets cannot be loaded to any height which may be unsafe for workers loading, unloading, and unstacking the pallets.
What is a pallet made of?
The most common material used to make pallets is wood – it is plentiful, sturdy and affordable. More than 90% of pallets in the United States are wood. Plastic pallets are the next most popular and are mostly used in the grocery industry. They are lighter and more flexible than wood, but less durable and diverse in their usage. Paper-based pallets are also available, but stacking and weight limits create limitations. The upside to them is they are lighter and can be recycled after use. Molded presswood pallets are popular among the Postal Service, but have limited appeal in the general marketplace. Metal pallets are heavy, making them a difficult choice due to increased weight loads during transportation.
What is a four way pallet?
A four-way pallet is designed to be picked up by a forklift on all four sides, versus the standard two-sided pallets. Wooden pallets are two-tiered, with a top and a bottom and roughly a 6 ½ inch space between them. A forklift’s prongs can slide inside either of the two open sides. The other two sides contain stringer boards, which are basically wood sides that create strength and stability. In a four way pallet, the stringer boards have notches removed that allow the forklift’s prongs to slide in and pick up the pallet. Two-sided pallets do not have that.
Are pallets treated for termites?
Wood pallets are treated for termites and all wood pests in accordance with the International Phytosanitary Standard for Wood Packaging ISPM15 regulations. In order to stop the spread of termites and other pests, all pallets are required to be heat-treated, a process that eradicates all wood pests. The pallets are heated to a temperature of 132.8 (F) for a minimum of 30 minutes, killing off any pests.
A pallet is a horizontal platform, generally used to move bulk materials for shipping. Most pallets are made from wood planks and are designed to be picked up by forklifts to load and unload trucks. You’ve probably seen these at the grocery store where a forklift is unloading a pallet of food that’s heading into the store.