Tips & Advice
Can an OB/GYN help with infertility?
OB/GYNs learn to treat infertility as part of their standard education. OBGYNs who further their training in reproductive endocrinology and infertility are known as fertility specialists.
What is hormone replacement therapy?
Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) is a treatment where medication is used to replace hormones a woman's body does not create naturally. Women are prescribed either estrogen alone or a mix of estrogen and progesterone. The former is given to women who've had hysterectomies, while the latter is for postmenopausal women. HRT used to be a common treatment, but doctors have prescribed it less often in recent years, as concerns of negative side effects increased.
Endometriosis is a chronic condition where uterine tissue (endometrium) grows in areas outside the uterus. This can cause extreme pain, especially around menstruation and during sex. Other symptoms include infertility, chronic fatigue, and painful urination or bowel movements during menstruation. In addition, many women with endometriosis also have allergies, frequent yeast infections, or sensitivity to certain chemicals.
What causes morning sickness?
Morning sickness is a common pregnancy symptom that includes nausea and occasional vomiting. Despite its name, morning sickness can occur at any time of day. The exact reason for this condition isn't clear, although most believe it results from hormone changes affecting muscle contraction and relaxation in the stomach and intestines. Another theory suggests morning sickness is caused by an abundance of intestinal bacteria in pregnant woman.
What types of birth control can an OB/GYN prescribe?
OBGYNs can prescribe or perform the following types of birth control:
- Contraceptive pills
- Birth control shots
- Vaginal rings
- Cervical caps
- Intrauterine devices
- Tubal ligation
Women do not need to see an OBGYN to obtain over-the-counter forms of birth control such as male condoms, female condoms, or sponges.
At what age should gynecological exams being?
Young women should schedule their first gynecological exam between 13-15. It is during this time that the average woman gets her first period. If a girl gets her first period earlier, she doesn't need to wait until she turns 13 to schedule her first appointment. Although most young girls generally aren't at risk for gynecological issues, many medical professionals recommend annual exams.
What conditions does an OB/GYN usually treat?
An OBGYN can treat a variety of conditions related to pregnancy and female health, including but not limited to:
- High-risk pregnancies
- Vaginal infections
- Abnormal bleeding or spotting
- Gynecologic cancers such as ovarian or cervical cancer
- Menstrual irregularities such as amenorrhea (absence of menstruation), oligomenorrhea (infrequent menstruation), and dysmenorrhea (severe pain during menstruation)
Gynecology is a field of medicine specific to the female reproductive system. A gynecologist is specially trained to support, diagnose, and treat disorders of the vagina, uterus, cervix, and ovaries as well as nearby organs such as as the bladder and urinary tract.
Obstetrics is a field of medicine concerned with pregnancy, labor, and puerperium, the time after childbirth during which the mother's reproductive organs return to their normal state.
An obstetrician-gynecologist, or OB/GYN, is a medical specialist who focuses on women's health issues, including reproductive health, pregnancy, childbirth, and menopause.