Tips & Advice
What is diabetic nephropathy?
Diabetic nephropathy is kidney damage that is triggered by diabetes. This condition may be treated by working to maintain low blood sugar levels. Eating excessive amounts of protein can tax the kidneys, so doctors often recommend reducing protein intake to help control diabetic nephropathy. It's also important for those who suffer from this condition to reduce salt intake and avoid smoking.
What causes reduced Glomerular filtration rate (GFR)?
Reduced GFR is caused by poor kidney function. Someone who suffers from kidney damage, but has normal kidney function, will have a GFR of 90 or above. If you have mild to moderate loss of kidney function, your GFR will fall within the range of 59 to 44. Someone who's experiencing kidney failure will have a GFR of less than 15.
What is glomerular filtration rate (GFR)?
Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) is a test used to evaluate kidney function. If you're suffering from kidney disease, this test will tell you which stage you're at in your illness. If you have a kidney condition, your GFR can be used by your doctor to help design the most effective treatment plan.
Does a nephrologist receive special education?
To become a nephrologist, it is necessary to obtain a degree from an approved medical school. Next, candidates must complete a three-year residency in internal medicine and pass a certification exam. The final step involves acceptance into a nephrology program and the completion of a two- or three-year fellowship in the field.
What are the most common conditions treated by a nephrologist?
One of the common conditions treated by a nephrologist is chronic kidney disease. Nephrologists also provide diagnosis and treatment for polycystic kidney disease, lupus nephritis, amyloidosis, nephrotic syndrome, high blood pressure, acute renal failure and kidney stones. These doctors are also well versed in all aspects of kidney transplantation and dialysis.
A nephrologist is a physician who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of conditions that concern the kidneys. They can assist with caring for those who suffer from kidney disease or kidney failure; help patients evaluate dialysis options; and provide nutritional advice for those with chronic kidney problems.
Dialysis prolongs life by stepping in to handle the vital tasks managed by the kidneys. If they are functioning properly, the kidneys work to moderate your blood pressure and regulate the levels of salt and potassium in your blood. Dialysis artificially cleans the blood so that the body is able to function normally.
Does dialysis have any side effects?
Dialysis comes with many side effects. Some patients on dialysis experience low blood pressure that causes abdominal cramps, shortness of breath, muscle cramps, vomiting, and nausea. Dialysis can cause sleep problems, itching, depression, amyloidosis, anemia, and inflammation of the membrane that surrounds your heart. Also, the site where the fistula is inserted can become blocked or infected.
Is there a special diet for patients going through dialysis treatments?
If you are currently receiving dialysis treatments, it is recommended to increase intake of high-protein foods, such as meat, fish, poultry, and eggs. Dialysis patients are advised to reduce their intake of foods that are high in salt, potassium, and phosphorus. Replace high-potassium fruits, such as oranges, kiwis, honeydews, and nectarines, with low-phosphorus choices like apples, berries, and plums.
Are there different types of dialysis treatments?
There are two primary types of dialysis treatments. Hemodialysis is the most commonly used type of dialysis, and it involves inserting a fistula or a catheter into a vein for the purpose of filtering your blood. With peritoneal dialysis, a catheter is surgically implanted into the stomach region to achieve the same result. Dialysis can be performed at a treatment center or at home. It may be performed during the daytime, or nocturnally while you are asleep.