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What is metabolic disorder?
A metabolic disorder is a condition that occurs when the body's metabolic process is disrupted by dysfunctional chemical reactions. Some types of metabolic disorders are inherited, and these are usually caused a defective gene. Metabolic disorders may also be caused by a compromised liver or pancreas. The symptoms of this condition may include seizures, lethargy, weight loss, and jaundice.
Diabetes is a disease that affects the body's ability to generate or respond to insulin. Insulin is a hormone that's made by the pancreas, and it impacts your body's ability to properly manage its blood sugar levels. Diabetes can cause sugars to build up in the blood, and this can result in health problems such as heart disease, blindness, and kidney failure. In severe cases, diabetes may lead to amputations of the lower extremities.
What type of training does an endocrinologist receive?
Endocrinologists are doctors, and they must obtain a medical degree from an accredited medical school and meet certain requirements before beginning work as licensed physicians. An endocrinologist must complete an undergraduate pre-medical degree, four years of medical school, a three-year residency in internal medicine, and two to three years of fellowship training in endocrinology.
What are pituitary glands?
Part of the endocrine system, the pituitary gland is located at the base of the brain. The pituitary gland weighs about 0.5 grams and is about the size of a pea. It is often known as the body's "master gland" due to its role in overseeing the growth, development, and functioning of the body's other endocrine glands.
Osteoporosis is a bone disease in which tissue loss causes bones to become fragile and brittle. With this disease, bones are at a higher risk from damage and breaking. In severe cases of osteoporosis, even a sneeze or a minor bump can cause bones to break. Osteoporosis is commonly seen in those who are 50 and older, and it can be detected via a bone density test.
What conditions do endocrinologists treat?
Endocrinologists treat conditions caused by disorders of the endocrine system. These include hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism, osteoporosis, diabetes, menopause disorders, pre-menstrual syndrome, andropause, and pituitary disorders. Endocrinologists also treat heart problems, high cholesterol, high blood pressure, and fertility issues, and they provide assistance with issues related to weight management and metabolism.
What is a pediatric endocrinologist?
A pediatric endocrinologist is an endocrinologist who specializes in the care and treatment of children. Pediatric endocrinologists treat children who have problems related to growth and puberty. They also care for children with diabetes, hypo- or hyper-functioning pituitary glands, hypo- or hyper-functioning adrenal glands, obesity, ambiguous genitals, underactive or overactive thyroid glands, goiter, Vitamin D problems, and low blood sugar.
What types of tests do endocrinologists perform?
Certain diseases are caused by hormonal problems and imbalances, and an endocrinologist performs tests that are designed to detect the presence of these diseases. The diagnostic tests used by endocrinologists include urine collection tests, bone density tests, thyroid scans, oral glucose tolerance tests, semen analysis, blood tests, and dexamethasone suppression tests.
What is the endocrine system?
The endocrine system is comprised of glands that are responsible for generating hormones that govern functions such as metabolism, growth, sexual function, reproduction, mood, sleep, and tissue function. The glands in the endocrine system include the pineal gland, pituitary gland, pancreas, ovaries, testes, thyroid gland, parathyroid gland, hypothalamus, and adrenal glands.
Endocrinology is a branch of medicine that focuses on hormones and endocrine glands. Hormones are molecules that control functions such as hunger and reproduction, and they also affect emotions and mood. Endocrine glands are governed by the nervous system and chemical receptors in the blood, and they are responsible for the secretion and release of hormones in the body.