TSA has developed new habitat and biodiversity in its oceanic aquaculture/mariculture operating area, and it has addressed the high mortality problem that plagues the live marine animal trade. The two are related by ecological principle as well as by the values of a segment of the public and private aquarium markets, which we serve, as a supplier of live rock and corals. Our basic Best Practice life support methods during transit result in a distinct product quality difference without packaging waste. By delivering a microcosm of a fully functioning coral reef with hundreds of interacting species in each reusable shipping unit, biological stability is provided which protects even the larval stages of interesting and unusual creatures: for example, bio-luminescent plankton can be seen in closed aquarium systems months after installation. Biodiversity benefits the creatures that comprise it, and reef aquarium keepers and curators are often interested in it for that reason as well as ethically. In a large view, TSA helps solve for loss of habitat and biodiversity in nature. The operation results in a for-profit wildlife sanctuary in an area called the sand flats, previously devoid of much biodiversity. Ecological services in the operating areas include the provision of biological nurseries and habitat for hundreds of species, protection from storms, fishing, and invasive species, and parasite removal stations for larger creatures like Goliath Grouper and Leatherback Sea Turtles. Biological filtration and nutrient uptake demonstrably improve water quality and the benthic areas surrounding the operation by accelerated grazing, helping guard against harmful algae blooms. The TSA paradigm can help address the limits of tax and charitable funding for such endeavors by allowing free enterprise to benefit nature. Today TSA not only replaces harvesting coral and live rock from wild reef areas around the world, it is also ecologically superior to traditional aquaculture operations that focus on one or just a few species at a time.
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