Tips & Advice
What is the difference between a hot tub and a spa?
There are no technical differences between a spa and a hot tub. Both spas and hot tubs are tubs with built-in jets used for relaxation, therapy, and entertaining. The terms are basically interchangeable. The two types of spas or hot tubs are portable, and custom-built or in-ground. Traditionally, in-ground or custom-built are more often referred to as spas. There are no real functional differences--spa just sounds more sophisticated.
There are several different types of hot tub jets to choose from, and each is unique in design and function:
Most jets are adjustable by turning the nozzle extension to increase or decrease flow.
- Rotational jets move the water in circles.
- Directional jets move the water in a specific direction, which you can aim or adjust yourself.
- Pulsating jets have two holes in the center, so when water pressure is applied, the center spins, creating a water stream that alternates between the two holes, resulting in a pulse-like performance.
- Multi-massage jets have several smaller holes that create individual water streams when water pressure is applied.
- Ozone or cluster jets have a single center section that water flows through, and are usually not adjustable.
How much does it cost to operate a hot tub?
Operating costs hot tubs depend on your local utility rates, but the national average is about $0.40 per heating hour. Weather, location of the hot tub (indoors vs. outdoors), condition of the tub, the fit of the lid, and frequency of use, are all factors that can add to the bill. So, keep your tub maintained accordingly to keep the costs down, and lower the temperature when you will not be using it for extended periods of time, like going on vacation.
How do you keep a hot tub clean?
To keep a hot tub clean, you first need to have the appropriate chemicals and in the correct balance. Check the pH levels at least once a week and add or adjust chemicals accordingly. Check filters monthly and clean or replace them as necessary. Periodically drain your hot tub and clean the surface with a non-abrasive cleanser to remove any surface grime. You can add a “jet clean” chemical to your tub to help clean out the jets prior to draining. Be sure to thoroughly rinse and wipe the tub before refilling to eliminate any chemical or soap residue. For the cover, wipe the vinyl down with a gentle soap solution and clean the underside with a hose, but do not use chemicals on the underside as they may contaminate the water. These processes should keep your tub and water in excellent condition.
What is the advantage of using bromine instead of chlorine in a hot tub?
The advantage of using bromine instead of chlorine in your tub is that bromine is more effective in killing viruses, germs, and bacteria, ,and does it for a longer period of time than chlorine. Bromine has a lower pH level than chlorine, resulting in fewer chemical imbalances in your tub. It is also considered gentler on your skin than chlorine. But it is more expensive and can be harder than chlorine to wash off skin.
What does “shocking” a hot tub' mean?
Shocking your hot tub means dosing it with a supply of either chlorine or non-chlorine (bromine) solution. The solution creates an oxidation process that breaks down the organic wastes, such as human skin cells and body oils that can cause cloudy water and unpleasant odors.
What are the chemicals needed to keep a hot tub clean?
The standard chemicals needed for proper hot tub hygiene are chlorine or bromine. These are the two primary options for controlling and eliminating the growth of bacteria in your tub. But you only use one of them, as they work in slightly different ways. There are other chemicals you can add, such as water softeners, but it is essential to have either chlorine or bromine in your tub.
What causes hot tub jets to stop working?
The simplest cause for hot tub jets to stop working is when they’re twisted to the “closed” position and need to be twisted back open. If you’ve recently refilled your hot tub and the jets are not working, there could be an airlock in the plumbing lines--a more difficult issue to fix. Someone with understanding of electrical components should turn the power off and then let the air escape, or bleed, from the lines by loosening “bleed screws” on the end of the pump.
Other reasons that jets may stop working include calcium buildup from hard water, and issues with the pump power.
What is the average lifespan of a hot tub?
The average lifespan of a hot tub is affected by how well it’s taken care of, as well as the quality of the product. When maintained properly, top-tier brands are expected to last 15-20 years. If neglected, even an expensive hot tub might only last 5 years.
What causes a hot tub to overheat?
Low water flow is by far the most common cause for a hot tub to overheat, and luckily it can be easily remedied by topping up (filling up the water level using a hose). Another reason a hot tub might overheat is that the spa filter is dirty.