Available in several different varieties, the pomegranate tree is a favorite among both gardeners and horticultural enthusiasts. The dwarf pomegranate variety more closely resembles a bush, but fully matured pomegranate trees can actually grow to a height of 20 feet or more. The tree produces a pomegranate fruit with a leathery green skin that turns red when it ripens. Inside the fruit are dozens of ruby-colored seeds surrounded with a small sac of bright pomegranate juice that is touted for its health benefits. Pomegranate trees can be cultivated in large pots or backyard gardens in areas that support the climate needed to grow healthy fruit trees.
The pomegranate tree is native to hot tropical and subtropical areas, but it is also adaptable to areas with hot, dry summers. Some varieties can withstand cold or even freezing temperatures during the dormant growing season of winter. Prolonged temperatures below freezing, however, can often cause damage to pomegranate trees.
Most varieties of pomegranate trees adapt to just about any soil as long as the soil has good internal drainage. Some horticultural experts indicate the pH range should be slightly acidic to neutral.
Plan the placement of your pomegranate tree in an area that will provide enough space so the tree can stretch out for maximum growth. The pomegranate tree typically needs full access to sunlight for proper growth. Wash the top of the root ball with a garden hose to expose the roots to the soil in which they will be planted. Make a space in the soil at least twice the width and depth of the root ball. Lower the tree roots into the hole, and cover with soil. After planting, water thoroughly every day for at least two weeks.
Once the tree's roots have been established, water about once a week. Apply one to two cups of ammonium sulfate fertilizer once the tree growth has commenced. Weed the area as needed, and be sure to remove all other plant vegetation within 1 foot of the tree. Prune the tree as necessary to remove dead or damaged branches and leaves.
With proper care and maintenance, your pomegranate tree should grow to its full potential and bear fruits that you can enjoy for years to come.